1P – The Ravana Ella Cave – Sri Lanka
The Ravana Ella Cave is located on a cliff off the Ella Wellawaya road. This cave is linked with the legendary Rama-Ravana tale and it is believed that this cave is where Ravana kept Seetha hidden after he had abducted her from Ayodhya in India.
1J – The Belilena Cave – Sri Lanka
The Belilena is a famous large cave situated in Kithulgala in Kegalle district. It holds evidence of a lost generation of Sri Lankans some 12000 years ago. At that time the cave was occupied by Balangoda Manavayo described as Homo sapiens balangodensis by Paul E. P. Deraniyagala who found ten skelitons of these people in the cave.
1L – The Dowa Cave – Sri Lanka
The Dowa Cave temple is located close to the town of Bandarawela. This was once the sanctuary of King Valagamba also known as King Vattagamini Abhaya. The cave temple has been built safely inside a ring of mountains.
1L – The Dambulla Cave Temple – Sri Lanka
The Dambulla Cave Temple has a long history as a place of worship and some of the statues and paintings date back to the 1st century BC. During this time the Sinhalese King Valagamba was exiled from Anuradhapura and sought refuge among Buddhist monks meditating here.
2P – The Marble Cathedral Cave – Chile
The Marble Cathedral Cave is located in the southern tip of Chile and is a natural wonder that could be the world’s most beautiful cave network. It is also known as the Sky Blue Temple and was created by flowing water over thousands of years.
2J – The Waitomo Glowworm Cave – New Zealand
The Waitomo Glowworm Caves are located in the Southern Waikoto region of the North Island of New Zealand. It was the local Maori Chief, Tane Tinorau, and an English Surveyor, Fred Mace, while on an extensive exploration in 1887, who stumbled on the Glowworm Grotto. They were dazzled by the twinkling glow which came from the ceiling.
2H – The Eisriesenwelt Ice Cave – Austria
The first official discovery of Eisriesenwelt was by Anton Posselt, a natural scientist from Salzburg in 1879. Before his discovery, the cave was known only locals, who believing that it was an entrance to Hell, refused to explore it.
2L – The Luray Cavern – USA
The Luray Cavern is a beautiful underground cave located in Virginia, USA. The caves were discovered in 1878 by local men while trekking through their village. The Luray Cavern is different to any other ordinary cave since it is located underground and is naturally decorated with stalactites and stalagmites.
3P – The Cango Caves – South Africa
The Cango Caves are located at the foot of the Swartberg mountain range in Klein Karoo, in the Western Cape Province of South Africa. It is one of the country’s oldest tourist attractions. Indigenous people of South Africa lived at the entrance to the Cango Caves thousands of years ago. The caves were first explored by farmer named Jacobus Van Zyl in 1780.
3H – The Ali Sadr Cave – Iran
The Ali Sadr Cave is found about 100 kilometers north of Hamadan in Western Iran. This is the world’s largest water cave. The cave is 70 million years old and the water within it is supplied by a spring in Sarab. The cave contains many large, deep lakes.
3L – The Lascaux Cave – France
The Lascaux Cave in Southwest France contains some of the oldest and finest prehistoric art in the world. The walls and the ceilings of the cave are decorated with almost 2000 engravings. Having been hidden for 17,300 years, Lascaux Caves were in perfect condition when they were discovered in the year 1940 by four teenagers.
3P – The Ajanta Caves – India
The Ajanta Caves are located in Aurangabad, Maharashtra, India. There are about 29 caves which were built in two phases – the first phase in the 2nd century BC and the second phase in the 5th century AD. These caves have masterpieces of Buddhist religious art with solid figures of Lord Buddha and depiction of Jathaka stories. These Caves were rediscovered in 1819 AD by a Britisher, John Smith and his friend when they were on a tiger hunting trip